:862, Clarence Bloomfield Moore also excavated the mound in 1901 and brought many before unseen ceramic vessels and burial items to light. These buildings were probably done in the typical wattle and daub construction common among Southeastern Native American groups. Opened in 1976, the museum features early-20th-century desks and education items. See more Fort Walton Series 3D models via Sketchfab. The Fort Walton Mound was probably built around 800 CE, although Charles H. Fairbankswho excavated the mound in 1960 believed it was built between 1500 and 1650 based on pottery sherds he uncovered and analyzed. Fort Walton Incised. If archaeology is a science, as has been argued sincethe late 1960s, archaeologists must use the scientific method to reconstruct prehistoric societies. The flat top was used for ceremonies, temples, and residences for high-ranking officials.. 68. Hours, Tickets + Directions; Staff Directory; Legal your own Pins on Pinterest The large platform mound was built between 800-1400 CE by the Pensacola Culture, a localized form of the better known, Mississippian Period Culture. When you drive along Highway 98 in Fort Walton Beach there's a chance you may miss something that is really something. Another Fort Walton site we are working on is Yon Mound, which was first excavated by C. B. Moore in 1902 . XVIII, No. , Layouts and locations for Fort Walton sites are similar to other Mississippian culture sites, with the exception of sites in the Tallahassee Hills area which because of the local geography are located around lakes and swamps instead of rivers. This is one of three surviving mound complexes in the panhandle, the others being Letchworth Mounds and Lake Jackson Mounds state parks. Archaeology, Florida Archaeology, Southeastern U.S. Archaeology, North American Indians, South American Archaeology, European Prehistory, Archaeological Theory, Gender in Cross-cultural Perspective, Introduction to Anthropology, Ecological Anthropology, Human Evolution and Culture, Public Archaeology, Archaeological Field School and Lab Methods, and Archaeological Methods Time: 10:30 am til 11:30 am Location: Fort Walton Beach Library, 185 Miracle Strip Pkwy SE, Fort Walton Beach, FL 32548 Description: What do archaeologists do, exactly? 3), John F. Scarry's Fort Walton Ceramic Typology has been used by archaeologists at Mission San Luis.  The hierarchical settlement patterns suggests the area may have had one or more paramount chiefdoms. Lindsay Bloch, Ph.D. Extensive excavations at inland Fort Walton (A.D. 1300) sites and observations made by contact-period Spaniards indicate that these late prehistoric natives were sedentary maize farmers. Test excavations determined that Velda was a Fort Walton village dating to ca AD 1450-1625. (Or perhaps it was 1600 CE; no one knows for sure). The platform mound, comparable to the pyramids of the Aztecs and Mayans, was the center of a Data from controlled contexts are needed for modelbuilding, then newdatafor The company's principal address is Emerald Coast Archaeology Soceity Inc. 139 Miracle Strip Parkway Se, Fort Walton Beach, FL 32548 and its mailing address is Emerald Coast Archaeology Soceity Inc. 139 Miracle Strip Parkway Se, Fort Walton Beach, FL 32548. 38, No. Dots, Squares, and occasionally hollow-reed punctations decorate the pot along with the incised lines.  Another large site located nearby is the Velda Mound, which was occupied from approximately 1450 to 1625. Marsh Island Incised. This new phase is known as the Leon-Jefferson culture. The Fort Walton Mound (8OK6) is an archaeological site located in present-day Fort Walton Beach, Florida, United States. ", The mounds were built by the people of the Pensacola culture, a regional variation of the Mississippian culture. , By the Late Fort Walton period increased contact with Lamar Phase peoples from central Georgia saw another change in styles of decoration and manufacture of ceramics. A: Fort Walton Incised pottery fragment, B: Carrabelle Punctate pottery fragment, C: Pinellas type projectile point, D: charred maize (Zea mays) cobs, E: burned clay with palm frond impression. Fort Walton material culture apparently represents the last original natives of this valley, who either died out by 1700 or merged with newcomers from other indian groups fleeing the effects of European colonization. It was occupied during the entire Fort Walton period, but abandoned at about 1500 CE when the capital of the chiefdom was moved to nearby Anhaica, the capital when the de Soto entrada encamped there in the winter of 1539. John Love McKinnon, an officer with the Walton Guards at the time, wrote a description of their excavation in his book "History of Walton County. This group of people inhabited these mounds from about A.D. 1050 to A.D. 1500. It was an expression of a complex culture, built by a hierarchical society whose leaders planned and organized the labor of many workers for such construction. Jun 21, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Becky O'Sullivan. :854 Walker surveyed several mounds in the Florida Panhandle and noted that many curiosity seekers had dug into the mound over the years.  Throughout the 1960s and 1970s the Fort Walton Mound was excavated by members of the museum staff under the guidance of William and Yulee Lazarus. Prentice Thomas & Associates, Inc. (PTA) was established by Dr. Prentice M. Thomas in 1977 (then referred to as New World Research) to provide a range of archaeological and cultural resource management (CRM) services to a wide range of clientele.  In 1971-1973 with the help of Depauw University's Robert J. Fornaro the mound was excavated to locate post holes and recover ceramic material that might fit vessels found earlier. Willey, Gordon, "Archaeology of the Florida Gulf Coast," Washington, Smithsonian Institution, 1949, pg. The Fort Walton Temple Mound, built between 800 and 1400 A.D., is a National Historic Landmark. Florida archaeologists generically label all of the hierarchal towns in northwestern Florida as the Fort Walton Culture, after a mound at Fort Walton Beach, FL. The Fort Walton culture is the term used by archaeologists for a late prehistoric Native American archaeological culture that flourished in southeastern North America from approximately 1200~1500 CE and is associated with the historic Apalachee people. The peoples of the Ft. Walton culture used mostly sand, grit, grog, or combinations of these materials as tempering agents in their pottery, whereas the Pensacola culture peoples used the more typical Mississippian culture shell tempering for their pottery. Emerald Coast Archaelogy Society (ECAS)is a group of amateur archaeology enthusiasts that is a chapter of the Florida Anthropological Society serving Okaloosa, Walton, and Bay Counties. The Fort Walton culture is the term used by archaeologists for a late prehistoric Native American archaeological culture that flourished in southeastern North America from approximately 1200~1500 CE and is associated with the historic Apalachee people. 3), John F. Scarry's Fort Walton Ceramic Typology has been used by archaeologists at Mission San Luis. According to the first curator of the Indian Temple Mound Museum Yulee Lazarus the reconstruction of the temple building that currently stands on top of the mound was never intended on being a "replica," but rather to "bolster the imagination and interpretation of the Indians' use of the temple mound. " McKinnon noted that several human remains the soldiers unearthed were from large individuals and probably belonged to warriors as indicated by damage they observed on the skulls, thighs and arms bones consistent with hacking and blunt force trauma.  Early archaeologists thought that the Fort Walton culture represented the intrusion of peoples from Mexico or Mississippian cultures from the northwest replacing the indigenous Weeden Island peoples, but by the late 1970s this theory was generally discounted. 213-214, White, Nancy Marie, "Grit-Tempered: Early Women Archaeologists in the Southeastern United States," pg.  A couple decades after the Civil War, in 1883 S.T. Walker noted that Dr. S.S. Forbes from Milton, Florida, had excavated the mound previously and discovered bones and several clay effigies which he later donated to the Smithsonian. Successive leaders were buried in the mound and additional layers were added over time. The City of Fort Walton Beach Heritage Park & Cultural Center consists of the Indian Temple Mound Museum, Fort Walton Temple Mound, Camp Walton Schoolhouse Museum, Garnier Post Office Museum and the newly opened Civil War Exhibit Hall. At the center of the village and its supporting agricultural lands, the mound served as the platform for the temple and residence of the chief. Fort Walton style ticked rims. FORT WALTON BEACH — The Emerald Coast Archaeology Society is holding a demonstration dig 10 a.m.-4 p.m. March 23 on Brooks Street at the rear of the Cinema Plus building. 151. The Walton Guard soldiers are the first recorded group to have excavated the mound. In 1962 the Indian Temple Mound Museum opened as the first municipally owned and operated museum in the State of Florida. 61-81. The Lake Jackson Mounds site in Leon County is the largest known ceremonial center of the Fort Walton culture, although there are eight other known ceremonial sites in the Apalachee Province. McKinnon, John, "History of Walton County," pg.  Their work here was mentioned in Willey's highly acclaimed work "Archaeology of the Florida Gulf Coast," which he completed when he worked for the Bureau of American Ethnology Smithsonian Institution. Heritage Park & Cultural Center- Fort Walton Beach, FL Photo Courtesy: fwb.org. The museum opened in 1988.. Sorting Criteria. Illustrations of the full range of types are included on the following pages by permission of the author.  The mound served as the ceremonial and political center of their chiefdom and probably the residence of the chief. Fort Walton Mound is now protected as part of the Fort Walton Beach Heritage Park & Cultural Center, which features several museums included with admission: the Indian Temple Mound Museum, Camp Walton Schoolhouse Museum, Garnier Post Office Museum and Civil War Exhibits Building. Fort Walton Incised Fort Walton Incised Fort Walton Incised Ft. Walton Incised, fine incised and punctated. Fort Walton Gastropod Seasonality abstract Recent archaeological investigations indicate that coastal Fort Walton cultures in the St. Joseph Bay re-gion of northwest Florida emphasized marine and estuarine foraging. The Heritage Park & Cultural Center is a foundation focused on the preservation and education of the history of the Fort Walton Beach community and the Northwest Florida area from 14,000 B.C. Image source: TripAdvisor. By sometime in the late 1600s the mound was abandoned by its original builders and lay dormant in use until the area was reinhabited by white settlers in the mid 19th century. Brose, David and Nancy White, "The Northwest Florida Expedition of Clarence Bloomfield Moore," University of Alabama Press, 1999, pgs. , Late prehistoric Native American archaeological culture, "An archaeological assessment of the Bradfordville Commercial Tract in Leon County, Florida", "Modeling Fort Walton Culture in Northwest Florida", "SEAC Reviews : The Apalachee Indians and Mission San Luis, by John H. Hann and Bonnie G. McEwan", "Prehistoric and Protohistoric Fort Walton at the Thick Greenbriar Site (8JA417), Northwest Florida", Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fort_Walton_culture&oldid=964144208, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 June 2020, at 20:44. 4, December 1975. Thanz was tasked with making sure the reconstruction of a temple building being planned for the top of the mound would not disturb any human remains or artifacts during construction. Deep, wide, and rectangular incisions on grit-tempered pottery.  Because of its significance, the mound was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1964. Fairbanks, Charles, "Excavations at the Fort Walton Temple Mound, 1960," Florida Anthropologist, Vol. It was also the burial ground of the elites in the society. Another large site located nearby is the Velda Mound, which was occupied from approximately 14… Florida Museum Newsletters Subscribe Now Museum Info. , The Lake Jackson Mounds site in Leon County is the largest known ceremonial center of the Fort Walton culture, although there are eight other known ceremonial sites in the Apalachee Province. Named after Fort Walton Beach, on the Florida Gulf Coast. The address is 139 Miracle Strip Pkwy SE, near the intersection of State Road 85 and U.S. Route 98, in the Florida Panhandle. through the 1950’s. It was also the burial ground of the elites in the society. Fort Walton Mound, in the Indian Temple Mound and Museum, Fort Walton Beach Heritage Park & Cultural Center.