Pre-school education period covers a child's first 36-72 months and lasrs until a child starts primary education. This means that preschool education is counted as a preparatory stage of organized schooling. 0 National Pre Primary Education Policy.pdf. Early childhood education plays a vital role in a child’s life. Furthermore, the aim of pre-primary education, as part of early childhood education and care, is to improve children's capacity for learning. Pre-Primary policy. The overall objective of an ECD and Pre-primary education programmes is to enhance child's development potential before his/her stepping into the primary school. While the enrollment rate for pre-primary education in 1991 was 49 percent, it varied 0000004208 00000 n Those candidates who have applied for the Punjab primary teacher recruitment application form, now need to syllabus & exam pattern for the pre-primary teacher … NEW YORK, 9 April 2019 – More than 175 million children - around half of pre-primary-age children globally - are not enrolled in pre-primary education, missing a critical investment opportunity and suffering deep inequalities from the start, UNICEF warned in a new report released today. Download. This stage helps in simulation of intelligence and also provides an opportunity to the children to get prepared for a formal school. 0000006584 00000 n 0000025836 00000 n y��Pq��֤.׎�� �7�|LS�n���(�b:�8�`e�"�*��>�2��>ViS葑��d���wqB��cf= �:f2�]�bc�ݮ�qK������������y%���l\.�s�M���EC2�x4�A���v�岹3�x���Ә}, 0000005865 00000 n Its conclusions with regard to pre-primary education were that this was a field that was developing rapidly in many countries and that programs were being organized by both government agencies and the private sector (NGOs). 1. Although KG education is not compulsory, most parents enrol their children … Worldwide, more than 90 per cent of primary school-age children have been enrolled in school. www.educationrecruitmentboard.com Punjab Pre-Primary Teacher Exam Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2020-21 Download PDF – education recruitment board Punjab has released the 8393 Pre-Primary Teacher exam syllabus & pattern 2020-21. 2. Pre-school education is essential for your toddler because it is the building block of your child’s elementary education. The developed world has sufficient arrangements for pre-primary education. Primary Education Department has taken initiatives to appoint vacant posts of Assistant Teachers of Government Primary School. Kindergarten Education Scheme. 0000005843 00000 n The most recent budget for Participation in pre-primary education on the rise Map 3.1.1 Pre-primary enrolment apparent in most regions of the world Gross enrolment ratio in pre-primary education CHAPTER 3 Enrolment and gender trends: primary education * Dotted line represents approximately the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir agreed upon by India and Pakistan. • Second cycle education: three years – consisting of senior high 0000016998 00000 n 0000004526 00000 n USAID recognizes that early learning is critical for each student’s personal and academic development. [Y�dN�n��'��ȣ.�z���v� g�c3Kw�<8T\�,6�ؠQ&1�X��w��9���+fh6�TUx�&�dw�p�&�*FrF3��1QbM&�)48�y-��1C���LX1��܌��nF2I1���c"��=H���э+���=RHr3I�L8�HLu$� 7C�ՂT�lep�U��A.6��gL�-���)�LP�FAc��`�M���h �[� �QPI�eKq�� �ii(\70���U���3ʅ� 1. Quality Assurance Framework. 5 Details. In such a case, the full level of that Mission’s pre-primary investment would not be discernible from its OP. Quality Assurance Framework. Under ISCED level 0, pre-primary education programmes are intentionally designed to include educational content for children aged 3 years up to the start of primary education, often around age 6. PRE--PRIMARY EDUCATION SYLLABUS FOR PRE--PRIMARY SCHOOLS , 2005. In 1981, the government released the first official policy on pre-primary services - the White Paper on Primary Education and Pre-primary Services - only as a response to the increasing concern of the public about the alarmingly low percentage (13%) of profession-ally trained teachers in local kindergartens (Hong Kong Government 1981, Opper 1992b). In Japan, the school system is generally called the ―6-3-3-4 year system,‖ which expressly places primary school education as the foundational stage of the entire school system. 2 Preschool or pre-primary education is defined as education provided to young children before the primary school entry age, or what is classified as ‘Level 0’ or ‘pre- primary’ by the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). This is to ensure that teachers prepared in the teacher education institutions are ready to effectively facilitate learning in our schools. h�bbd``b`�$V �P �j�"� ]�$�b)�IJ@�K@�;H\Vc`bdY2���\���s_ [�' ���BMfRB1&U�(�*��� National Teacher Education Curriculum Framework. 0000002004 00000 n Experience Sharing. Pre-primary Curriculum and Learning Materials. The current structure of education in Ghana is as follows: • Basic education level: eleven years – comprising early childhood education (two years), primary (six years) and junior high school (three years). H�b```b``���$�����(���Q�@��e��P�}���.Q%��)�19���+���&�Į��J �n=��&�"� >qjd�� PRE-PRIMARY POLICY Guidelines 11.pdf. The pre-primary level graduate is ready for entry into primary education in a primary school Pre-primary education will be made available to all 5/6 year olds in the country as soon as possible. Harmonisation of Pre-primary Services. In such a case, the full level of that Mission’s pre-primary investment would not be discernible from its OP. trailer << /Size 225 /Info 187 0 R /Root 190 0 R /Prev 356465 /ID[<3db06a402341d57c863f0e477c0c0cde><24616aac7c991bb451a6199d09988ec0>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 190 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /PageLabels 168 0 R /Pages 176 0 R /Metadata 188 0 R >> endobj 223 0 obj << /S 2032 /L 2119 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 224 0 R >> stream Pre-primary Education Voucher Scheme. The ISCED definition of pre-primary education is, “center- or school-based programs designed to meet the Although there are kindergartens for preschool education… h�b```�),J|�cb��Y5킓[d��7�Okc`����l��'yл"�S3�#]UO�������������V�����4��� a�ca�p�i!w��A�y��G�.00�\`�q�9�c�)��Ib��@��da -��(j ���W1���:�H+30��B�10 u�*7 0000003149 00000 n The pre-primary education graduate shall have the knowledge and competences that are relevant for the propaedeutic (basics) of the cultural, reading, counting and natural science literacy. National Teacher Education Curriculum Framework. as pre-primary educators. The data from many countries also reveal major gaps in financing and quality of available services, even when expansion to pre-primary education services is underway.10 Providing universal access to quality pre-primary education by 2030 requires urgent action by governments and practical Major progress has been made toward realizing the Millennium Development Goal of achieving universal primary education. Through cross-discipline elective subjects, you will learn the relationships between education and Hong Kong society and culture. 0000001982 00000 n The expansion in pre-primary classrooms was associated with a large increase in pre-primary enrollment. 0000008418 00000 n Pre-primary Education Voucher Scheme. Interpretation. Details. The expansion in pre-primary classrooms was associated with a large increase in pre-primary enrollment. 0000007755 00000 n PART III—PROVISION OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING 4. 0000008396 00000 n The document: Kosovo`s Core Curriculum for pre-primary grade and primary education - is adopted. the “Pre-Primary Education Operational Framework” was approved by MoPME in 2008 for effective implementation of one year pre-primary education for all children of 5 - 6 years age. 0000009557 00000 n Primary School Books PDF Download Link. It is necessary to provide your child with good pre-primary education for him to be prepared for future education. Early childhood education plays a vital role in a child’s life. Pre-primary education is associated with studies in nursery as well as kindergarten classes. The benefit of pre-primary education cannot be over-emphasized because children develop cognitively and socially (Statistics Botswana, 2013). The Manual designed by a team from UNICEF, SSA and the Innovation Cell at the Directorate of School Education Kashmir, is based on the Theme Based Approach of Learning that helps to nourish the different developmental domains in a child. Primary education provides students with fundamental skills that will be the foundation for the rest of their academic careers. Experience Sharing. ������R�X� Download pre primary teachers manual nied 2015 document. On this page you can read or download pre primary teachers manual nied 2015 in PDF format. 0000001071 00000 n bringing the total number of years for pre-tertiary education to 14. primary and secondary education are classified respectively as level 1 and level 2. The National Pre-tertiary Education Curriculum Framework is the policy guideline against which the school curriculum will be reviewed and revised. Further, article 3.5 and sub-article, 3.5.3 states, ‘The language of teacher training for kindergarten and primary education will be the nationality language used in the area.’ Moreover, Ministry of Education (MOE, 2002) Education Act13 (Pre-Primary,PrimaryandPost-Primary)Act 2008 THEEDUCATION(PRE-PRIMARY,PRIMARYAND POST-PRIMARY)ACT,2008 _____ ARRANGEMENTOFSECTIONS Section PART I—PRELIMINARY 1. Most of the students are looking for these books in pdf format, but today we are sharing all WBCHSE and WBBSE e-Text Books For Pre-Primary To Class XII or WBBSE e-Text Books For Class V to Class X PDF. Primary Schools in Japan Overview Japanese primary school lasts for six years. It allows developing a child’s personality by exposing the creativity of the child in … Since 2012, ECD/Pre-primary education is a top priority for the government of South Sudan. 0000008923 00000 n It becomes impossible to pursue simultaneously within this five-year period some other potential policy initiatives, such as Pre-school education is essential for your toddler because it is the building block of your child’s elementary education. These programmes are generally offered to children from the age of three [15]. Importance of Pre Primary Education: Pre school education is essential for your toddler because it prepares your child for kindergarten and future school which will be allowed to build a base for his future education. Education in Tanzania is provided by both the public and private sectors, starting with pre-primary education, followed by primary, secondary ordinary, secondary advanced, and ideally, university level education. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. It is not yet a prerequisite for entry to basic education. Most of the students are looking for these books in pdf format, but today we are sharing all WBCHSE and WBBSE e-Text Books For Pre-Primary To Class XII or WBBSE e-Text Books For Class V to Class X PDF. @���[��+�D���f``��q�`jg`P ``|����I �``�s@��텀��G�`���@��� 5�� endstream endobj 224 0 obj 718 endobj 191 0 obj << /BleedBox [ 0 0 419.52802 595.276 ] /Type /Page /TrimBox [ 0 0 419.52802 595.276 ] /Contents [ 199 0 R 201 0 R 206 0 R 208 0 R 210 0 R 212 0 R 214 0 R 221 0 R ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 419.52802 595.276 ] /Parent 169 0 R /Resources << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 197 0 R /F0 205 0 R /F1 192 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 218 0 R /GS0 222 0 R /GS2 216 0 R >> >> /CropBox [ 0 0 419.52802 595.276 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 192 0 obj << /Name /F1 /Type /Font /BaseFont /WABWNB+TimesNewRomanPS-BoldMT /Widths [ 250 333 333 250 333 250 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 722 667 722 722 667 611 778 778 389 667 944 722 778 611 778 722 556 667 722 722 500 556 444 556 444 333 500 556 278 333 556 278 833 556 500 556 556 444 389 333 556 500 722 500 500 500 1000 333 ] /LastChar 64 /Subtype /Type1 /FirstChar 1 /FontDescriptor 193 0 R /Encoding 194 0 R >> endobj 193 0 obj << /FontFile3 220 0 R /Descent -628 /Flags 262178 /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 2101 /XHeight 0 /StemV 0 /FontName /WABWNB+TimesNewRomanPS-BoldMT /CapHeight 2101 /ItalicAngle 0 /FontBBox [ -558 -307 2000 1026 ] /StemH 0 >> endobj 194 0 obj << /BaseEncoding /MacRomanEncoding /Type /Encoding /Differences [ 1 /space /parenleft /parenright /comma /hyphen /period /zero /one /two /three /four /five /six /seven /eight /nine /A /B /C /D /E /F /G /H /I /L /M /N /O /P /Q /R /S /T /U /Y /a /b /c /d /e /f /g /h /i /j /k /l /m /n /o /p /q /r /s /t /u /v /w /x /y /endash /emdash /quoteright ] >> endobj 195 0 obj 574 endobj 196 0 obj << /FontFile3 217 0 R /Descent -628 /Flags 98 /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 2096 /XHeight 0 /StemV 0 /FontName /KGAGQZ+TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT /CapHeight 2096 /ItalicAngle -17.33299 /FontBBox [ -498 -307 1120 1023 ] /StemH 0 >> endobj 197 0 obj << /Name /F2 /Type /Font /BaseFont /KGAGQZ+TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT /Widths [ 250 333 333 250 333 250 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 333 611 667 722 611 722 333 667 611 500 556 722 611 500 500 444 500 444 278 500 500 278 444 278 722 500 500 500 389 389 278 500 444 667 444 389 ] /LastChar 51 /Subtype /Type1 /FirstChar 1 /FontDescriptor 196 0 R /Encoding 198 0 R >> endobj 198 0 obj << /BaseEncoding /MacRomanEncoding /Type /Encoding /Differences [ 1 /space /parenleft /parenright /comma /hyphen /period /zero /one /two /three /four /five /seven /eight /nine /colon /A /C /D /E /G /I /N /P /S /T /U /V /a /b /c /d /e /f /g /h /i /k /l /m /n /o /p /r /s /t /u /v /w /y /z ] >> endobj 199 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 195 0 R >> stream enrolled in pre-primary education programmes. In reference to the ‘pre-primary’ level, the report applies the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) definition. RolesandpowersoftheMinister. Pre-primary education is associated with studies in nursery as well as kindergarten classes. 0000007777 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� For pre-primary, 10,000 teachers will be appointed, said Directorate of Primary Education. To be admitted to the Pre-Primary school year in January, the child should have turned five years of … 1. Posted by MWL JAPHET MASATU , BLOGGER-- ( WhatsApp + 255 716 924136 ) at 02:21 ... ( PDF or WORD ) , utatumiwa kwa EMAIL yako baada ya Malipo kwa MPESA NAMBA ( 0755400128 / JAPHET CHIBAJILO ), TIGO PESA NAMBA ( 0716924136/ JAPHET MASATU) , AIRTEL MONEY ( 0688361539 / JAPHET MASATU Almost 124 pre-primary education program Strategy for babies, young children and their families in antenatal to age 5 age range Launched by Taoiseach Nov 2018 Implementation Plan published May 2019 Identifies outputs and annual milestones for each action for 2019, 2020 and 2021 � ��`zC�P,�ʢqaz� ����z������P���=`ьb6&�^4��\4�0B�-���-���e�p8p����8����r9k,ȵ 189 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 191 /H [ 1168 836 ] /L 360375 /E 34273 /N 84 /T 356476 >> endobj xref 189 36 0000000016 00000 n The results of this study indi - cate that many factors have delayed the progress of pre-primary education in Saudi Arabia, in- The developed world has sufficient arrangements for pre-primary education. 0000003806 00000 n It helps in laying down a healthy foundation for the all-round development of your child. the results with the status of pre-primary education in Saudi Arabia to conceive a proposal for the development of a pre-primary education program in Saudi Arabia. In Table 2, we report pre-primary and primary school gross enrollment rates by province using data from the 1991 and 2001 population censuses. In Table 2, we report pre-primary and primary school gross enrollment rates by province using data from the 1991 and 2001 population censuses. enrolled in pre-primary education programmes. Primary Job Circular 2020, Bangladesh Government will appoint around 37,577 primary schools assistant teachers. In 2018, the average child-to-teaching-staff ratio across OECD countries was 14.3 – meaning that there was approximately 14 children for every teacher in pre-primary education – but this varied from The revised curriculum of the Junior Primary phase (pre-primary, grades 1-3) comprises of the following subjects: Mother Tongue Instruction from pre-primary to grade 3, English, Mother Tongue/predominant local language, Mathematics, Environmental Studies, Arts, Physical Education and Religious and Moral Education. Kindergarten (KG) education in Hong Kong refers to the 3-year KG programme for children from three to six years old. Pre-primary education covers all forms of organized and sustained center-based activities: such as pre-schools, kindergartens and day-care centers designed to foster learning, emotional and social development in children. Report of the Committee on Free Kindergarten Education. It becomes impossible to pursue simultaneously within this five-year period some other potential policy initiatives, such as The pre-primary level graduate is ready for entry into primary education in a primary school PART II—R OLES AND POWERS OF THE MINISTER 3. It helps in laying down a healthy foundation for the all-round development of your child. You must carefully practice these books on a daily basis for a better result in competitive exams. Achieving this commitment within the available resources requires some trade-offs being made. Pre-Primary Syllabus NIED 2015 1 1 Introduction Pre-Primary education covers a single year of school readiness activities before the commencement of formal primary education. With increasing numbers of nuclear families and a lack of family support, pre primary school education is gaining importance. Free and accessible education is a human right in Tanzania.The Tanzanian government began to emphasize the importance of education shortly after its independence in 1961. "~sB�|�K�U$��g���` t@�� endstream endobj 200 0 obj 561 endobj 201 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 200 0 R >> stream The Department of Primary Education is responsible to ensure that all children aged 4 8/12 and above are enrolled in a public Pre-Primary school. All People of Bangladesh can Read Book on Smartphone, Tablet or PC by downloading PDF File of Books. 0000033287 00000 n Almost 124 0000008945 00000 n H��TMo�0��WhI���"���h�����m�m�C/��?&Y�l�X�Ð�c$��{$�=>��k,�~���x���J2)W�1!�����st���P�A#p!Mr��0F�w݀���Ô ��1�`ZnQ*6�P~�?��/�h�d4�6�VkM`G�!�e:L���^=�k�. 0000010205 00000 n 63 million Number of primary & secondary teachers affected by the COVID-19 pandemic; 66.2% Proportion of female primary school teachers; 69 million Number of new teachers needed globally to meet the target of universal primary & secondary education by 2030 Harmonisation of Pre-primary Services. competency in the media of instruction through pre-service and in-service training. Download. 0000001168 00000 n 0000002895 00000 n primary education, especially for children with learning disadvantages. 2. 0000033848 00000 n Children who attended early childhood development programmes and/or pre-primary education 1049 0 obj <> endobj 0000003524 00000 n School-based Support Services for Kindergartens. 0000010129 00000 n 2 Preschool or pre-primary education is defined as education provided to young children before the primary school entry age, or what is classified as ‘Level 0’ or ‘pre- primary’ by the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). You must carefully practice these books on a daily basis for a better result in competitive exams.These Mathematics books are very important for your daily exercise. endstream endobj startxref If you don't see any interesting for you, use our search form on bottom ↓ . Pre-primary education (Note1) is an important stage which lays the foundation for life-long learning and whole person development, and serves as the starting point of formal education. the enrolment in Pre-Primary from current levels. %%EOF ... Mentorship Policy for Early Learning and Basic Education. Education Act13 (Pre-Primary,PrimaryandPost-Primary)Act 2008 THEEDUCATION(PRE-PRIMARY,PRIMARYAND POST-PRIMARY)ACT,2008 _____ ARRANGEMENTOFSECTIONS Section PART I—PRELIMINARY 1. 1077 0 obj <>stream In its 2017-2022 General Education Strategic Plan, the Ministry of General Education and Instruction (MoGEI) However, there is still a long way to go before this vision will be achieved in some regions. Download. Interpretation. The government has also demonstrated its support and commitment to PPE by stating its intent PRE-PRIMARY POLICY Guidelines 11.pdf. infancy period from (0 to 2+) years, the pre-school period (3-6) years and two years of early primary period. 0000009579 00000 n Mentorship policy.pdf. While the enrollment rate for pre-primary education in 1991 was 49 percent, it varied %PDF-1.6 %���� ObjectivesofAct. c6���� � D1���i���0��-��Z�i��� L*9���ɞ�. 0000017051 00000 n Furthermore, the aim of pre-primary education, as part of early childhood education and care, is to improve children's capacity for learning. 0000005180 00000 n Free and accessible education is a human right in Tanzania.The Tanzanian government began to emphasize the importance of education shortly after its independence in 1961. Worldwide, the gross enrolment ratio in pre-primary education has tripled since 1970s. even likely, that some Missions that support pre-primary education as one component of a broader primary-education activity have coded their pre-primary component as Primary Education (ES 1.2). The first survey of ministers of education by the International Bureau of Education was carried out in 1939. It is necessary to provide your child with good pre-primary education for him to be prepared for future education. 0000002442 00000 n This Decision shall … Report of the Committee on Free Kindergarten Education. We have added NCTB New Syllabus based New Book 2020. Pre-School Education Pre-primary education was not a priority in the first national policy. Pre-primary education will be made available to all 5/6 year olds in the country as soon as possible. Since Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 to FY 2017, USAID’s pre-primary education budget has ranged from $4,900,814 in FY 2015 to $24,160,206 in FY 2013. Pre-primary Curriculum and Learning Materials. PART II—R OLES AND POWERS OF THE MINISTER 3. even likely, that some Missions that support pre-primary education as one component of a broader primary-education activity have coded their pre-primary component as Primary Education (ES 1.2). 3. Achieving this commitment within the available resources requires some trade-offs being made. So, Download the Primary Class 1 Book, Class 2 Book, Class 3 Book, Class 4 Book, and Class 5 Book. School-based Support Services for Kindergartens. childhood and pre-primary education in supporting reading programs. The pre-primary education graduate shall have the knowledge and competences that are relevant for the propaedeutic (basics) of the cultural, reading, counting and natural science literacy. the revised Primary School Curriculum of 1999 (Department of Education and Science, 1999a). RolesandpowersoftheMinister. :���sɅ.Z���P%����^R0�r�,��C���*/馹���ErT�� G�Д|I�V�����=a�o�*� T�b:�ݔ ���zA��zbr�= �It��N¿ڧ���ʕ���k�LP�x�c�[cl���M�¼w《�"��p*�]���N�����Zm�N���΅�-�b�����E��K=YE(�¬���R'��b,�Ǣ� ��d *��0�[Ž��lZ��Ad.f~-ÚOvA������zvC�u�hK���c-fސ�&�a��!�x�,F7@���6-6$�� )E��w��I\4rV"3ڍ��+��X�4A5����ҭP�Us���C����JtK�4`�t��. 0000010151 00000 n Child-to-staff ratios in pre-primary education services differ considerably across OECD countries (Chart PF4.2.A). National Pre Primary Education Policy.pdf. PART III—PROVISION OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING 4. Details. Children who attended early childhood development programmes and/or pre-primary education All Books can download Free from this Website. The course offers an introduction to the concepts, processes and tools countries need to ensure that pre-primary education is successfully mainstreamed into their education planning cycle. This is to ensure that teachers prepared in the teacher education institutions are ready to effectively facilitate learning in our schools. Every state government in the United States regulates primary education, according to the United States Department of Education. The data from many countries also reveal major gaps in financing and quality of available services, even when expansion to pre-primary education services is underway.10 Providing universal access to quality pre-primary education by 2030 requires urgent action by governments and practical The National Pre-tertiary Education Curriculum Framework is the policy guideline against which the school curriculum will be reviewed and revised. PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION VOUCHER SCHEME Executive Summary 1. 0000007086 00000 n Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. ObjectivesofAct. 1063 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<61A5495BFB99F04BA1670E9670B0C8A1><20582CA6B915C24B9A337A0316F47C1A>]/Index[1049 29]/Info 1048 0 R/Length 77/Prev 88030/Root 1050 0 R/Size 1078/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream 0000003546 00000 n It articulates with primary, secondary and tertiary education to form an entire spectrum of education. 2. Worldwide, the gross enrolment ratio in pre-primary education has tripled since 1970s. It is not yet a prerequisite for entry to basic education. National Pre Primary Education Policy. In addition, in public Pre-Primary schools the educational needs of a number of 3 - 4 8/12 year olds are satisfied, provided that there are available places. endstream endobj 1050 0 obj <. 0000005202 00000 n 0000006110 00000 n Education in Tanzania is provided by both the public and private sectors, starting with pre-primary education, followed by primary, secondary ordinary, secondary advanced, and ideally, university level education. However, Botswana views early childhood as an important component of the education system. 5 Posted: (1 months ago) pre primary teachers manual nied 2015. File Size: 10.70 MB Kindergarten Education Scheme. Thus it can be said that pre primary education is necessary for all children of 3-6 years old irrespective of their socio-economic background (Govinda and Bandyopadhyay, 2008).