But each material ignites the age old battle of authenticity vs. modern era durability. For instance, No. (c) 49 Oz. You commonly see this used in leather work, shoe-making, etc. Polyester petroleum byproduct that comes from xylene, a hydrocarbon compound that’s generated during the cracking process of crude oil. Fusible Thread (2) H. ... Cotton Covered Polyester ; Thread. Great prices on A&E Signature threads. (31) Dual Duty Plus Hand Quilting Thread 325 yd (28) Coats & Clark Dual Duty Plus Button & Carpet Thread 50 yd. The lack of stretch in cotton thread also makes it ideal for quilting projects because they won't lose their shape. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Many upholstery enthusiasts recommend matching the upholstery thread fiber with your fabric fiber. Linda's Electric Quilters 2001 Central Circle, Suite 103 McKinney, TX 75069. It’s like kilometers and miles. For example, heavy duty outdoor thread will be thick and resistant to UV rays and may contain water resistant properties (depending on the manufacturer). Available in a variety of colors and sizes. Signature Cotton Covered Polyester Thread is a natural choice for those who require an extra strong thread for machine quilting, but prefer cotton thread to match their cotton fabrics. This process also preshrinks cotton thread. Cotton: Cotton is soft, warm, and very absorbent. It has a high resistance to sunlight and moisture, provides you with a smooth texture surface and colorfastness. Corespun Thread: This type of thread is composed of a “core” of continuous filament polyester that is wrapped with either cotton or polyester yarn, like a cocoon. Some of the best polyester threads are made from corespun polyester fibers. All Purpose Thread: Your go-to, does-it-all thread. “Industrial thread” is really a 2-part term; it can either describe the spool size (like a 5 lbs spool) or convey strength not found in the home-sewing realm (like Kevlar Thread). Rayon: Rayon is plant-based and is known for its beautiful shine and vibrant colors. It’s usually made with a polyester core and wrapped with slivers of metal foil/tinsel. It can even be finished with a vibrant, color-reflecting sheen, like quality embroidery thread. Glazed cotton thread is for Hand Quilting. The industrial thread market is also where you can find the strongest, most durable, and most long-lasting thread. 50 is thicker than No. The second value describes the number of plies (strands of yarn) used to create the thread. Serger Thread: Overlock machines use 2 or more spools of thread to both construct a seam and/or finish the raw edge. It’s not as strong as polyester and the manufacturing process is pretty bad for the environment, but it’s inexpensive and comes from a renewable resource (wood pulp). It is a corespun sewing thread that combines a high tenacity polyester filament core with a natural cotton cover. Signature Cotton Covered Polyester 6000 yards $ 15.00. This Tow is then stretched and spun until the fibers have been stretched up to 10-20 times their original length. However, take all measurements with a grain of salt and use your own experience and judgment. Tenacity: This is determined by the maximum tensile force divided by linear density (say what?). Polyester or cotton-covered polyester works well for most projects. Cotton-wrapped poly: Most cotton-wrapped poly threads are party cotton and part polyester. While there are many types of thread in today’s garment world, there are a few types that stand out for denim production. It comes in spools with 6,000 yards and is Tex 40. These synthetic threads have a few superior properties over a natural cotton thread. Because so much thread is used, serger thread is wound on large cones with about 2,000 to 3,000 yards of thread. 1.) It can easily be engineered to resemble cotton, silk, and even nylon. 50/2 means Number 50 thread composed of 3 plies. Thanks to the combination of continuous filament core and spun cover, core spun threads are extremely high performing. Cotton is made from soft cotton fiber. Polyester fibers were invented by British chemists J. R. Whinfield and J.T. Displaying products 1 - 20 of 24 results Generally,  a medium-weight thread is between Tex 27 and Tex 35. Oops. Signature Color Card Complete Set $ 43.00. It’s important to note that this measurement is really only used in the US and, again, isn’t 100% accurate, because not all companies actually follow the above formula. Available in a variety of colors. Signature Variegated Thread Collection. The most common cotton covered polyester thread material is cotton. You can also find embroidery thread made of cotton and silk. The texture component makes it appear thick and “fluffy” (if that makes any sense). It prevents “weeping” seams and is resistant to mildew. Stay up to date with the latest on new releases, features, and new shop products by subscribing to our free daily newsletter. A premium cotton covered polyester quilting/piecing thread. Mercerized Cotton Thread - 100% cotton thread that is still silky smooth. It’s stronger and more durable than All Purpose thread. Upholstery Thread: This thread is used when upholstering furniture and comes in a variety of fibers and weights. Or seen 40/3 printed on the spool and wondered, “what does that mean?” It’s confusing because different brands will use different measuring methods. By shrinking the thread, you create more gathers while still maintaining elasticity. From then on, it has been a staple of garment construction. Occasionally, you may find a fleece material made from recycled materials such as plastic water bottles: while this may up its eco-credentials, it doesn’t negate the fact that plastic is still plastic, and as we’ve learned, plastic doesn’t belong in the microwave. It’s the last thread reference you’ll ever need. Mercerized cotton or … 100 is not the same as 100wt. This number is saying that the weight of 9000 meters of ‘x’ thread is equal to 225 grams. Pay special attention to how nylon is finished to determine its properties. Please note: actual colors may vary from picture due to computer setting variances. The polyester thread provides strength while the So, a thread listed as 30wt is heavier than a thread listed as 50wt because it only takes 30 kilometers (of said thread) to reach 1 kilogram. 30/3. These threads come in nylon and polyester. Once it’s spun, it’s finished to accentuate project-specific features. This process protects the thread from breakdown and damage, but it can also gum up your machine. However, it’s a bit more abrasive than cotton and silk (you wouldn’t want to use it on expensive silk chiffon). Wool will wick away moisture, but once it’s saturated, it loses much of its strength. Textured Filament Thread: If you’ve ever used “wooly nylon”, then you’ve used textured filament thread. It can either remain “soft” (untreated) or be treated with a special finish to increase its performance and appearance. Half of this leaves us scratching our heads. We know it’s confusing, which is why we’ve created The Ultimate Thread Reference Guide. Three-ply polyester core gives strength with a cotton covering preferred by quilters. Upholstery thread and Heavy Duty thread are not necessarily the same, although you may see them used interchangeably. It’s not as heavy/thick as “heavy duty thread”, nor as thin/light as embroidery thread. Seacore 50 - Tkt 50 / Tex 40 Cotton covered polyester thread has the feel of cotton with the strength and elasticity of polyester. The downside however, is that polyester thread is generally thicker, kinks more easily, and will melt at high temperatures. Nylon melts easily (only use low setting when ironing), especially if it isn’t “bonded’. It doesn’t shrink and can accommodate a small amount of “give” with good recovery. From shop OtherItemsFor11Q. Bonded Nylon is very strong and comes in a variety of weights. Polyester: Polyester thread is synthetic-based and is entirely man-made. It’s even used in children’s bedding and mattresses. 972.542.4000. This is most often applied to nylon and polyester thread with multiple filaments, like corespun polyester and smooth multifilament thread. Most all-purpose sewing machine thread is 40wt. Being an animal-based fiber, it tends to work well with both silk and wool fabric. Standard Colors Industrial Thread: Industrial machines are built to sew daily at faster speeds and for long hours. We don’t recommend Rayon thread for seam construction because it’s not as strong as polyester and becomes even weaker when wet. Because there is such a lack of consistency and no agreed upon “industry standard”, thread companies often go by their own rules. This thread is usually made of polyester or cotton. Government Spec / Industrial Thread: Cotton covered Polyester - A-A-50199 Type I. Seacore 30 - Tkt 30 / Tex 60. Corespun polyester, also known as poly-wrapped poly core, is a blend of a strong filament polyester core that is wrapped in a spun polyester shell. Signature Pixelles $ 18.99. Read on as we dive into the history, pros, and cons of each. Clear Thread: Also called Monofilament and Continuous filament thread, this type of thread resembles very fine fishing line and is useful when you want your stitches to be invisible. Get the best deals on White Cotton Sewing Threads and find everything you'll need to make your crafting ideas come to life with eBay.com. Do not use with high heat or steam, as it will weaken and destroy the stitches. Metallic Thread: Metallic thread is used to embroider and to sew decorative topstitching. Fast & Free shipping on ... Jean Thread Tex 60 - 750 Yards, Heavy Cotton Covered Polyester - Pick Color. It has little “give” or elasticity and can break easily if used on a seam with a lot of stress. Thread Weight: How many kilometers of ‘x’ thread is needed to equal 1 kilogram? Thread Mastery: A Guide to Understanding Thread, tips and tricks for sewing metallic thread, Fall Sewing Catalog: Projects And Supplies For Autumn, 3 Great Products To Organize Your Bobbins, Understanding Bernina Sewing Machine Shanks. Silk is washable, lint-free, and comes in a variety of weights. A premium cotton covered polyester quilting/piecing thread. Though rayon is very popular, polyester embroidery thread has made large strides and is now stronger and more “colorfast” than rayon. It is known for its strength, durability, low shrinkage and low stretch. Yet, they still label the thread as 40wt. This measurement indicates the brittleness of thread and overall stitch strength. Corespun Thread: This type of thread is composed of a “core” of continuous filament polyester that is wrapped with either cotton or polyester yarn, like a cocoon. Cotton thread is great for sewing other plant-based fabric, like linen, cotton, and rayon. Variegated Thread: This term describes a type of dyeing. Pay close attention to the thread fiber make-up to determine how it will perform on your fabric. Make note that No. It isn’t very strong and breaks easily, which is why it needs the “white glove” treatment. There are 4 common methods of testing strength: Tensile Strength: This is determined by how much force (in grams or kg) is needed to break the thread. Loop Strength: This is tested by looping a thread strand though a loop of the same thread and breaking it. With the combination of both cotton and polyester, you get the best of both worlds. J & P Coats Green Color Mercerized Cotton Covered Polyester Sewing Thread, Green Sewing Thread, J P Coats Thread, Polyester Sewing Thread OtherItemsFor11Q. For instance, it’s best to use silk thread for silk upholstery fabric. Dickson in 1941 but the actual licensed production of Polyester threads wasn’t until 1955. Again, this isn’t an exact science. Even though the thread may be finer, the end seam is still strong, durable, and flexible because it’s composed of multiple threads (usually 3 or 4). You may have also seen thread measured as No. The lower the number, the lighter/finer the thread. COATS & CLARK-Cotton Covered Quilting & Piecing Thread. Seacore 30 - Tkt 30 / Tex 60. The spinning technology creates a smoother low hairiness low lint thread. Twist Direction: The direction the thread is spun defines its twist. You commonly see this thread used in sailing and other outdoor hobbies. Now that you know how the thread is weighed, let’s talk about how its strength is determined. Heavy Duty Thread: This thread is engineered to withstand high stress and tension. COTTON COVERED POLYESTER & POLYESTER COVERED POLYESTER A-A-50199A . Wool thread is commonly used during hand needle work, but specially designed, fine wool threads can be used in machines. Due to the spinning process of the polyester, the thread has a much higher strength and greater elasticity than it’s natural counterparts. So, the term “industrial thread” can also mean “industrial strength”, like the strength needed to sew firefighter’s jackets, rock-climbing gear, and parachutes. To prevent bulk, serger threads are generally a bit finer than traditional sewing machine thread. Available in a variety of colors and sizes. We hope this helps and that you can continue to use this article as a reference throughout your sewing journey. The polyester thread provides strength while the cotton thread covering offers the same soft feel as cotton fabric. Typically, polyester sewing thread is less expensive than cotton sewing threads. The purpose of “finishing” thread is both practical and decorative. You guessed it: white. The longer the staple, the less lint it produces. Camping gear, luggage, and sports equipment are examples of projects that benefit from heavy duty thread. Thanks to the the natural fibers, cotton thread has excellent sewabllity with little kinking or skip stitching and it’s rarely affected by hot needles (a common element of high-speed sewing machines) so the cotton will not melt and will even sew well on poorly adjusted machines. Signature Variegated Quilting Thread - 100% Cotton. You may have also heard wax thread referred to as Awl Thread. Like spun threads, core spun threads have a smooth and textile surface. This type of measurement is describing two different characteristics. After the thread has been spun, it needs to be given a “finish”. This makes polyester thread a better use for stretch knit fabrics. Denier: How many grams does 9000 meters of ‘x’ thread weigh? 2.) Cotton Thread 50 wt Madeira Catona White / Ecru / color pick - 200m spools. It’s easier to dye and produces beautiful, rich colors. They can handle everything from chiffon to stacks of leather.